What Is Metal Forging?
Metal Forging is the process of shaping a piece of metal using continuous pressure, often used to tool steel or iron. The extreme pressure may require rolling, pressing, or hammering the workpiece to shape it into the desired part. Common examples of forged parts include rolled steel bars and beams.
Press forging is one of the most used processes. Instead of hammering or rolling the material, a press is used to shape the part. To compress the material, the press generates significant force. Some presses may use 50,000 tons of pressure.
After forging the part, the new shape has a denser structure, making it stronger and more resilient. Many types of forging exist. The press forging methods are often categorized based on the temperature at which the parts are forged. The main categories include cold, warm, and hot forging.